I promised to show you some old Portuguese samplers - in fact, here is a book of them from the 17th century (1600s). We think. The book appears to have been brought from Portugual - though it is always possible that it came via Portugal from Spain. The images are from an old magazine in my mother's hoard and there is very little written about them. The book appears to have been put together in a piecemeal sort of way, but it was bound with sheepskin. The description says three shades of blue, two of yellow, some bright green and brownish black are present. The brownish black we know to be black which has corroded on account of the acid dye used.
This page appears to have a primitive double-headed eagle - symbol of the Holy Roman Empire - in the top left hand corner. The page also shows a very Italianate scrolling band, worked in reverse like Assisi work - possibly with a red background, though the text dows not say - and examples of whitework including needleweaving and near the bottom right corner, our favourite S motif.
This page is very interesting indeed, because it seems very specific and has many examples of raised couched cord whitework - maybe someone can say if there is a traditon of such embroidery in their country.
And this is also another distinctive page, particularly with those pierced hearts, the one to the right appearing to have the Latin amo (I love) incorporated within it. Perhaps these outlined hearts were also intended to be set on a red background 'Assisi-style'. it would be very interesting to hear the thoughts of our Spanish, Portuguese and Italian readers.